Tourette’s syndrome is a disorder that causes involuntary actions (tics) that are hard to control. As of 2020 there are no known cures for this disorder but there are multiple medicines that help control or limit how severe the symptom becomes. In this article I will be running over the different types of medications and the advantages as well as the disadvantages.
First off, we have Fluphenazine which is mainly used for controlling their mental conditions. This medicine can rebalance dopamine levels to improve thinking, the mood and the behavior. However, the side effects can include: drowsiness, lethargy (fatigue), dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite sweating and more. This product will not work right away after being used, instead it’ll take roughly one to three days for the effects to kick in.
The second medication is haloperidol (often marketed under Haldol.) this medicine is mainly used to treat the involuntary actions that the Tourettes patients may have. It can also help with hyperactivity or sudden outbursts for Tourettes patients. The medicine could be injected or swallowed through the mouth and it takes roughly 1 hour for the effects to kick in if you inject the medicine into your veins. However, dude effects include: diarrhea, vomiting, dry mouth, nervousness, headaches, dizziness and a spinning sensation. Haldol is often labeled as a “bad drug” in America but the World Heath Organization labeled it as one of the 20 essential medication in end of life care. Unfortunately, this drug is addictive and it will not be easy to withdraw from this medicine.
Thirdly, we have Risperidone (sold under the name Risperdal) . This medicine is used to treat schizophrenia which is a bipolar disorder which may occur with Tourette’s patients at times. It takes roughly 4 to 6 weeks for the medicine to take full effect. It is advised to stay in touch with the doctor that prescripted you the medicine for the first few weeks just to see how things go. Even though this medicine takes a while to get the effects, many users have good things to say with this medicine. However, side effects may include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, heartburn, dry mouth, increased saliva and increased appetite. It is recommended by doctors to take 2mg of the drug per day.
Last but not least, we have Pimozide. Pimozide is used to control vocal and motor tics which occur in most Tourette's patients. Even though this medicine may not cure the tics completely, the tics will show up less frequent. The improvements may be seen from a week to 6 weeks, depending on the person. This type of medication won’t work for everyone unfortunately. This medications comes with many side effects such as: drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, blurred vision, tiredness, weakness, fever and headaches.
In conclusion, there are many medicines to choose from to stabilize the condition of someone with Tourette’s. It is advised to speak to your local doctors before making your decision to ensure the best results for the patient.
Written by Jason Yang